Sustainable improvement, unlike globalization, is not a new concept in Africa. It has been practiced by traditional african organizations for many years. The only difference between self-reliance in the west and as it is practiced in Africa is that people in the west have devoted many books on this subject. Africans, however, have primarily stayed in preserving their own recommendations for reform through myths, taboos and cultures.
Examples of self-sufficiency efforts by Africans are "night's hassle". This is an exercise that was once performed in the Kissii community in Kenya. Members of the community would gather after sunset at a joint meeting place. They would then go about what can now be viewed as a cross country crossing the country. The aim of the race was to appease the spirits and their ancestors. However, this was not the only benefit that members of this community received. The Kissii is said to have been a quick warrior whose face helped conquer many neighboring communities.
Another example of a cultural exercise that helped improve the person is a circumcision ceremony among the Maasai community in Kenya. Young entrepreneurs "Moran" were put through negative practices sent to kill lions and to be locked in Manyatta (Mud Hut), which was infected with time for days. The Massai had brave warriors who conquered many communities, and if any of them were taken and held in prison, flexible was not an option.
Coal burner placed in a room that is not well ventilated can cause death of individuals in the same room due to carbon monoxide. In the community, this was explained in simpler terms. Columns were said to "drain some blood at close range" and this was basically keeping people in control. Some may argue that this is not a self-sufficiency but it helped to save lives.
The self-improvement strategies set out above were not only intended to improve the individual but the community as a whole. Most of the traditional Africans were of the opinion that what was good for the community was also good for the individual. In light of this, society always came first.