The Minnesota Model of Addiction Treatment – What is it, what works and what next?

The Minnesota model is described by McElrath in 1997 as "unrelated to the program, exercises and philosophy of AA anonymous alcoholics (AA)". The AA movement gave the belief that alcoholism is physical, mental and mental illness, and developed twelve levels, describing a spiritual solution and the idea of ​​a community where recovery can take place.

Hazelden Foundation was founded in 1949 as an environment where respect, appreciation and recognition of respect for each patient were introduced. The faith developed the time associated with other alcoholics, talking to others and sharing experiences of life, was a key factor in recovery. Alcoholism was thought within the disease model as a complex, existential state of dis-ease, which could be relieved by sharing experiences. Furthermore, it was fundamental that addicts had the ability to change their attitudes, attitudes and behaviors to restore health.

The two long-term Minnesota templates are total instability from all creative content and improved quality of life. In accordance with AA philosophy, the individual's goal is to grow in transcendental mental awareness, to recognize personal choices and responsibilities, and to develop peers. The recovery assets are primarily drug-treated drugs that provide an opportunity to discover and use these resources and the therapeutic atmosphere that changes change. This approach is a natural customer center.

Much of the customer's work to achieve these goals is done within contextual grouping. Interested in the counselors and members of the group, the alcohol / addict is encouraged to develop meaningful relationship experiences and clarify feelings and definitions of reality. The success of the process is characterized by relief, peace, increased self-esteem, self-confidence and the group, recognition for life.

The success of the Minnesota Model stems from dealing with the fundamental issues associated with addiction. Common to AA, it is registered in philosophical philosophy and includes a philosophy of treatment and treatment approach that deals with core issues of addiction. This persistent philosophy allows for a caring, nutritious, customer-oriented environment where twelve steps provide guidance and patients suffering from addiction can find healing.

Patients with concomitant diseases in mental illness receive concomitant treatment under both conditions within a parallel concept. Common mental health diagnosis among chemical patients is a symptom of individual symptoms (BPD), an insignificant pattern of instability of human relations, self-esteem and motivation with incentives. About 40% of chemical subjects are also diagnosed with BPD. Those who have BPD appear to specifically stop using chemicals to cope with unwanted injury.

The incidence of homosexuality in other mental health problems is important and important for advice on chemical addiction. For example, patients with BPD are more likely to develop strong and often negative responses to CDs. There is a risk that patients with BPD symptoms may have a negative stereotype and treated improperly. There may be a tendency for staff to describe the patient in bright and phenomenal terms that can put negative expectations even before the patient enters the treatment unit. There may be a tendency to respond to self-harm or suicidal thoughts with horror and / or anger. The CD-ROM needs to understand this behavior in the patient's context with pain and distress and their inability to express or manipulate those emotions. Consultants need to be educated to understand understanding and manifestation of diseases such as BPD to evaluate the worldview of dual-patient patients and increased sympathy and respect to all patients.

Thus, the Minnesota model has been recognized as a gold standard of chemical care in residential areas in North America, by its very nature, it has limitations. The disease partners, by presenting the scientific development and ideological framework for research and allocation of treatment, are limited with the tendency to label customers as "ill" and stop presenting stereotypes and treatment methods for clinical workers. See the problem as the disease & # 39; tends to shift the focus of the person shown in the model with a tendency to conduct group treatment with the relative exclusion of individual attention and treatment.

The next generation of addiction treatment must be more holistic in nature and deal with all human beings as individuals with problems, rather vice versa. The possibility of sterilized, recorded methods of diagnosis and treatment must be tempered with sympathy, precise pity, behavioral change, growth of human relations and spiritual development. It is time to approve progress and learning in the Minnesota model with gratitude and continue with a humane and loving approach in less clinical situations such as home warmer, safer and more focused customer and output oriented.


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